Category Archives: Finance

Bubble, oh no!

Time for some practical: Pour a cup of dish soap into 6 cups of water & stir it well. That is how Bubbles are formed, now you burst it!

Oh no!, not the Bubble Minku loves. Lets do it again.

Increase the price of an asset significantly surpassing way beyond its true value, and make the majority believe the price will continue to rise at least in the foreseeable future. There you go, that is exactly how Financial Bubbles are formed. Eventually the reality kicks in, and like every bubble it bursts!

Welcome to riteFinance, this is your host SalRite, With some saying the current Stock Market is in Bubble, today lets discuss about Financial Bubbles.

As per the legendary Investor Warren Buffet, Bubbles form when “People see neighbors ‘dumber than they are’ getting rich“.

Financial or Economic Bubble is not a new thing, in fact the official history of the first ever recorded Bubble dates back to as far as mid 1630s, though the term itself was coined around the 1720 AD. To dig a bit deeper, lets understand the five stages of an Economic Bubble with the example of what is known as ‘Tulip Mania’ of mid 1630s.

Stage 1 – Tulip comes to Vienna from Turkey, are soon distributed to Netherlands and becomes a status symbol in Dutch community. With a saturated intense petal color that no other plant had, and a profusion of varieties, Tulip soon becomes a coveted luxury item, increasing its asset value. This stage is referred to as ‘Substitution‘.

Stage 2 – This is when the news of Tulips start spreading, and becomes a topic among the majority . It is now that the Speculative purchases happen, and the bets are placed on the future value. As the flowers grew in popularity, professional growers paid higher and higher prices. Buy now, sell later at a higher price becomes the motive for Investors. This is referred to as ‘TakeOff

Stage 3 – Exuberance – a state of unsustainable euphoria. This is when the asset overshoot its intrinsic value leading to a jump in the portfolio of several. A few lucky/rational Investors sell at this stage, while the majority continue to buy in. At this stage Tulip becomes over-valued. At its peak, value one Tulip bulb was equivalent to a House. By around 1636, the tulip bulb became the fourth leading export product of the Netherlands, after gin, herrings, and cheese. Tulip mania reached its peak during the winter of 1636–37, when some bulbs were reportedly changing hands ten times in a day on paper (it is the time when future markets appeared in Dutch Communities).

Stage 4 – Critical stage – a state where some begin to sell. When the market realizes that an asset is over leveraged and way too over valued, some begin to lose faith and starts selling. This is when they realize there aren’t enough buyers. For Tulip it was the revelation of their true value. In around February of 1637, for the first time in a routine auction no buyers were available for the Tulips. This time coincides with the outbreak of Bubonic Plague in some European Cities. This lead to the 5th and last stage of a Bubble.

Stage 5 – Crash (pop) – Burst of the bubble, and the reset for the economy. In case of Tulip, Bubonic plague probably acted as a needle that led to the demise of its Market. With no buyers available sellers were left with nothing but a flower.

A few hundreds years later, now a Tulip is worth a few bucks and can be ordered online, but nevertheless bubbles keep forming and keep popping. As we humans are irrational beings. This leads to another story, this one more recent.

2008 Housing Bubble

This was the result of irrationality of the masses combined with financial engineering of the elite few, the Bankers. Lots of Subprime loans were made between 2004 to 2006 rising from 8% to around 20% in the United States, at the same time NINJA loans (No Income, No Jobs, and No Assets) grow in popularity and many of the Millennial with lesser Income would write a higher figure in the application, that no one in Banks would verify and they will easily sanction a loan. The greed of the Bankers didn’t stop here they combined all the A, B and C rated loans packaged them into something called CDOs (Collateralized Debt Obligation – a type of structured asset-backed security that include mortgages, loans or bonds), and sold it to the Investment Banks, betting further on loans. As if this wasn’t enough the CDOs were swapped for Insurance what is called as Credit Default Swaps. CDS acted as a financial instrument that could hide these risky investments (to read more on CDOs or CDS click here) Even the rating Agencies like S&P didn’t downgrade the bonds & kept ratings high. Couple this all with Inadequate regulations by the policy makers, and you see a Huge Economic Bubble.

Eventually, the home owners defaulted on their payment, this meant the riskier loans, CDOs hold by Investment Banks all lost their values, and suddenly the whole Financial system collapsed on its weight. Lehman Brothers the fourth largest investment bank in US back then filed for bankruptcy. And the Market corrected itself, not exactly though, the fed came in, and bailed us out. Enforcing strict regulations, and making much required policy changes combined with Quantitative easing kept the US Economy on its track.

Even before 2008 crisis, which is the most recent one (prior to this pandemic) there were several Economic Bubbles. One such was the dot com bubble of 2000, caused by excessive speculation in Internet-related companies. While several big companies like pets.com went out of Business, it was not the end for all, with growth in the technology sector stabilized a few like Amazon.com, eBay saw rise in their Market Share following the crash.

Another Bubble that can be looked at, dates back to 1840s Great Britain. Referred to as Railway Mania, this was the period when the shares of Railway Companies soared in their value, only to be declined later. Following the crash, the larger railway companies such as the Great Western Railway and the nascent Midland began to buy up strategic failed lines at a discounted price to expand their network. So what was the down fall of some, became an Opportunity for others.

Bubbles are primarily of two types –

  1. Equity Based – characterized by easy liquidity, tangible and real assets like tulip mania, railway mania and dot-com bubble.
  2. Debt Based – characterized by intangible or credit based investments with little ability to satisfy growing demand in a non-existent market like United States Housing Bubble (of 2008).

Can we predict these bubbles?

Well, we may not be able to predict accurately nevertheless we can identify it, based on the over leveraged asset price, high risk lending or borrowing practices, and when the people tend to rationalize borrowing, lending and purchase decisions based on expected future price rather than the ability to repay.

What can we learn?

There are few things that these Bubbles teach us –

  1. In every crisis lies an Opportunity, only if one knows how to capitalize on it.
  2. Bubbles are natural, every Economy goes from a Boom & Bust Cycle.
  3. Certain theoretical research models states that bubbles (as long as they do not burst), raise economic efficiency and welfare.
  4. Regulations have a big role to play in an Efficient Market.

If you want to read more about how the Bubbles work, there is a great article you can refer here.

Thanks for Reading, Lets us know what you think about the current Stock Market scenario in the comments below? Do follow us for more @ritefinance

A Duty of Care

Welcome everybody, today we are talking about ‘Duty’ [starts firing – gun shots everywhere], no no hold-on not ‘Call of Duty’, oh no!

Lets talk about your Duty towards your loved ones – ‘Insurance’, specifically ‘Life Insurance‘.

In Layman terms, Insurance is something people buy that protects themselves from losing money in case of an unfortunate event. Be it ‘Car Insurance’ that insures your car against any potential damage, or ‘Life Insurance’ that insures you that your nominee will be paid in case of your demise.

Like everything in life, it too comes with a cost, ‘Premium’ – an amount to be paid (often monthly). But that can be seen as a small price to be paid for the mental peace & financial security of your loved ones. Life insurance = financial security for nominees in case of death of policy holder and Financial security = fulfillment of the family’s financial needs.

Now Life Insurance are broadly of two types – Term Insurance & Endowment (if you wish to read more about other types of Insurance you can check the link here). Endowment is something where policy holder get a particular set amount on maturity, while Term Insurance is a pure Insurance policy where policy holders’ nominee gets a fixed amount on the unfortunate event of policy holders’ demise.

This is where it gets interesting no Insurance Agent advertises or sell you Term Insurance, while everyone will pitch in for an Endowment stating it to be an Investment / Saving Option. So are they right about it, or are they simply doing it for their cut aka commission? Well yes, its in their favor!, Endowment plans charge a hefty amount in premiums and a huge portion of it goes to insurance agents as commissions and administrative costs (read more here about things Agent never tell you)

Lets discuss about the benefits of Term Insurance over Endowment, why you may need one? and also I hope by the end of this blog post you will know Term Insurance is the only real Life Insurance.

1. Premium aka the priceIn Term Insurance you can get the same cover as Endowment at a much lower premium, for example – If you are a smoker male in your late 20s, you can get a cover of 1 crore by paying INR 1500 every month for 30 years. while you get the same cover of 1 crore if you pay over INR 10,000 every month for 30 years for an Endowment plan, around 7 times the price compared to Term insurance. Think it this way, you end up saving around 6 times the premium (i.e. 30 lacs in this case), if you go for a Term Insurance. Well yes, you won’t get anything on maturity if you are still alive but nevertheless its a life insurance it meant to be like that, why not invest the cash you saved on a better asset! Buying Term Insurance in above scenario saving around 8.5k per month, if you invest the same amount in Stock Market and get an average market return of 10% annually you can make around 2 crore, twice the amount you get on maturity from an Endowment plan. Isn’t it cool? That said I am not promoting one thing over the other, all I want to say don’t listen to a random agent or fake financial gurus be it offline or online, do your own due diligence before Investing/Insuring.

2. Sum assuredIn Term Insurance you get a sum assured way higher compared to an Endowment plan for the same amount of premium.  As a thumb rule, you are allowed to buy cover of up to 20 times your annual income (cover ranging from 10 lakh to 20 crore). Now, thing to keep in mind you will only be paid the promised amount in case of your death during the policy tenure (after all its a insurance against your life).

3. Features / payout options – Term Insurance provide you flexibility when it comes to the pay-out the nominee receives the sum assured in lump sum, equal installments or a combination on the death of the policy holder during the policy tenure. The policyholder has option to customize the payout based on their family needs. In an endowment plan, the payout is lump sum either on the death of the policyholder or as a maturity benefit on completion of the policy term.

Above are the major benefits, now when it comes to buying a Term plan there are certain things you need to take care of – Coverage, Policy Duration, Features of Plan, Premium Affordability to name a few. To know more about the same you may wish to read an article here or here.

Finally if you are wondering where to avail a plan, you can consider checking out policybazaar.com and you may probably need to do your own due diligence. In the end if you are left with the extra cash and considering to Invest read our blog post here, and follow us for more tips & tricks on how to Manage Money and Invest Wisely for Financial Freedom.

Thank you Readers

The Rich Way

7 Things that Rich do different than Poor. Welcome on-board, lets help you put that extra buck in your pocket.

  • Passive Income – Rich earn even in their sleep. Yes, they have a source of Income that puts Money constantly into their pocket even when they are not working. Passive Income of 1000 INR is worth more than 10,000 INR, how?, just imagine the time saved and the freedom gained. After all wealth is for ones Financial Freedom. One source of passive Income is by buying stocks that pays you dividends regularly (after every quarter or so). You can start with a small investment, all you need to do is open a Demat account with a brokerage like Zerodha and take it from there (check out our blog post on how to avoid investment mistake before investing, also follow this space for more tips and tricks)

  • Keeping money is harder than making – Money management is not easy. The expenditure for majority of people grow proportionally with their Income. This is also the reason why almost all lottery winners end up spending what they have won. The urge to spend the money to show Rich than to be Rich is strong. Rich definitely know better Money Management than Poor. Once you made your first crore to make the second all you need to do is replicate. But how to save & invest and let your Money grow on its own is not something majority understands.

  • Focus on Increasing income not cutting the cost – Yes, you heard it right. Rich don’t try cut the cost in small things. Majority will walk an extra mile saving cost rather than focusing on earning more. Instead of cutting cost every now & than, we urge you to first think like Minority and Increase your Income, so that you can afford all the nice things in your life. How?, May be learn a new skill that pays you more, or do some side hustle that help put some extra cash in your pocket.

  • Over 50% of Rich earnings go to investments – Yes, Invest like crazy! If you want to be wealthy, you need to have a tight grasp on your savings & investments. You need to be able to park enough money (the more the better) in different assets. You may diversify your portfolio in assets like Gold, Real Estate and Stocks. If you want some quick tips on Investment do check out our very first blog here. Almost all wealthy people and brands invest more than 50% of their earnings. If you are beginner and don’t know where to start you may like to read our blog post here. To start Investing in Stock Market, you can open a demat account here.

  • Don’t borrow Money if it is not to make Money – This rule applies strictly for the elites. Rich don’t borrow unless the money helps them make more Money. They won’t pay bank the interest unless they make their cut. By borrowing money like majority to finance your new house or buy a new car your making the Bank & Bankers wealthy while putting yourself in debt. Debt not taken for the assets that put Money in your pocket is useless. So think whom you want to make rich, yourself? or them?

  • Multiple Streams of Income – To be wealthy you definitely need to have the money flowing in through multiple ways. A side hustle, a full time Business or job, a passive source of Income; you need to work hard to at least grow the 3 sources of Income. Multiple Source of Income also keeps you portfolio hedge against a Crisis. You are less likely to be victim of a Crisis, and more likely to be at peace. An Online side hustle, free lancing etc may come handy.

  • Invest in self – Investing in self is one of the most underrated advice. Ever wondered why Successful people read more than an average person?, the answer is simple your knowledge = future returns, the more skills you know the greater the opportunity to multiply your Money. This is the same reason why a Businessman earns more than an employee, they have figured out a solution, they know the full breadth of the System and not just a single piece of the puzzle like the employee who may be specialized on a single task. So learn a new skill, or grab a book, even better listen to two free books of your choice here at Audible.

Lastly but not the least, if you want to know more definitely check out this video by Alux.com. This article is inspired by the same. While the opinion above is completely ours, the primary source nevertheless remains this video.

Thank you for reading. Do follow us for more. Together lets be Financially Free.

Worth of Money

For those who came here to read how to earn/double your money than this not the blog post for you (you may like to check other posts on our site). In our Sunday edition, lets discuss ‘Is Money worth it?What is the real cost of earning Money?

Welcome Guys, I hope you are doing well, safe and sound from this ongoing pandemic, Happy & Healthy both physically and mentally. Today let’s take a step back and think about Money. Earning Money comes with a cost. A cost which is paid either in terms of efforts or time or both. And sometimes we end up spending way too much than the return we get. Well there is no way or a formula to equate things, like Money = Effort + Time – Stupidity or something similar, but what we all can see around is the consequences. It is very well true that a life without Money is a life full of Misery and Suffering, at the same time it is true that a life with Money and no intangibles like Happiness, Mental Peace is not worth it. Sometimes we get trapped in this vicious cycle of show-offs that we not just end up making unnecessary expenditure and destroying our wealth but also the more precious the ultimate gift of nature ‘Our Health’.

It is rightly said our body is a temple, and taking care of it should be our first priority even before growing income or building wealth. Moreover if you lack Mental Peace, no amount in this World be it a Trillion dollar can compensate for it. You may very well argue that at least Money can buy better things, comfort even if you are not fortunate enough to walk, it can get you a remote controlled wheel chair or maybe a personal assistant to help ease the pain, I agree that argument is valid! “Better be a Rich cripple than a Poor, but at the same time remember not to let Money cripple your Happiness or Peace!” Don’t let Money make you the unfortunate one to be alone like ‘Scrooge’, the character from 1843 famous novel A Christmas Carol (an interesting read, if you haven’t read that, i recommend you to do so). Don’t forget to check on your loved ones, and have some time out here & there. Take out some time to spend with your family, and enjoy out in Nature doing things that doesn’t require any Money. A life full of experiences at the end is more fulfilling than the one filled only with bundles of Cash.

Yoga
Yoga

That said, the point I am trying to make is not to discourage you to Earn less or pick up that easy Job; because remember it is better to suffer as a Rich than a Poor, but at the same time don’t forget Money is to make life easy, Wealth is for the financial freedom and the ability to buy things that in terms make you Happy not to pile up the cash later to spend it healing yourself from a depression or a disease which can be avoided at the first place by taking out time to connect with your body, mind and spirit. One thing I highly recommend is taking out time everyday to do Yoga, an ancient Indian Practice that keeps you healthy and helps connect your Mind, Body and Spirit.

I hope this blog post helped you realize the importance of being fit and stay focused, so that you can enjoy all the fruits of your efforts!

For future Financial tips and be on track to Financial Freedom do follow us @ritefinance. Your Support is the Intangible, single important dose of Happiness is all we need. Thank you

The Initial step to Freedom

Everybody wants to be financially free, but a few knows the way and a very few actually puts in the effort.

Welcome to riteFinance – the pathway to Financial Freedom! Today we will discuss how to create wealth.

The very first step to wealth creation is to know your spending aka track your expenses. To track your expenses you can use a simple excel sheet or a more suitable tool like mint. Whatever you choose the process is very simple, you need to list down all your expenses from day 1 of every month to the last day. And you need to do this for at least 3 months to get an average. If this Average is more than 100% of your Income, then you need to either A. Cut down your expenses, or B. Increase your Income, though an Increase is always advisable but cutting down the expenses is the first thing you should do. Remember ‘Live below your means’, buy only what you can afford not what your credit card can afford.

Once we know how much we spend, the next step is to create an Emergency Fund, i.e. set aside 3 to 6 months (6 recommended) of cash reserved, only to be used for Emergency. If you need to know more about the same, we already have blogged regarding the same here.

Now, if you have the above two steps taken. The next question is ‘How to create Wealth?‘. Yes, we haven’t yet discussed that. The above steps won’t help you create wealth, but it will give enough peace to progress towards Financial Freedom.

To begin your journey, you must know how much of the Income is your expenditure (again if your expenditure is more than or equal 100% we urge you to increase income or cut the expenses). Calculate %Expense of Income, for example if your Income is 100 INR
(or for that matter any currency), and your expense is 75 INR than it becomes 75%.

One thumb rule to manage your Finances especially if you are beginner is to follow 75-15-10 rule i.e. Spend 75% of your Income, Invest 15% and Save 10%. Later on as you get better grasp of your finances and is able to cut more on expenses / increase your income then one should progress to 50-30-20 Rule, 50-30-20 rule can also be called as the Ultimate lifetime Money Plan. It simply means one should Spend 50% of the Income, Invest 30% and save the remaining 20%. And in case your expenses are less than 50%, great you can invest the remaining. You can read more on Investing here.

Remember the you need to Invest like crazy to be Wealthy, while if you Spend like crazy you just end up looking Rich. Choice is Yours.

Tip – Donate a small amount from your earnings to a Charity, and you will start feeling Abundance & Positivity surrounds you, fueling in more wealth and adding a sense of purpose to your life. The more you give the more you will be in a position to receive. Give it a try!

Thank you for reading. For more such Financial Tips, do follow us @ritefinance. Together let’s build Wealth. Happy Learning…

Covid happened, what does it mean for Personal Finance?

Spend less, Save more and hope for the best. Well, yes but not exactly. Covid has left many Businesses and firms bankrupt, leaving millions of employees jobless.  News of Recession and Economic downturn is all around. And no one knows, how long the Economy is going to take to recover or will it even further go down! While we agree its a tough time, nevertheless every tough situation has some thing important to teach us.

One thing Covid teaches us is the Importance of Emergency Fund. It echoes clearly that Emergency Fund is a must. So What is Emergency Fund?, Why everyone should have it?, and How?.

What is Emergency Fund?

As the name suggest it’s a fund set aside only to be used in an Emergency. So can you use it to buy the next new iPhone?, or that fancy Car down the road? The answer is obviously not! It’s the amount only to be used when you have no other source of Income coming in. When you can’t manage your expenses, and is being laid off or became victim of a crisis like Covid.

Why everyone should have it?

Yes, you heard it correct. Not just Individuals, even a Business needs to have some sort of Emergency fund to safeguard its employees and help the Business survive the Crisis by being able to pay off all the basic minimum expenditure. That is not to say, Business shouldn’t look for alternative or cut costs. A healthy Business is the one who is capable of doing it all. Surviving a Crisis is not easy especially if you are operating in a sector that is being hit hard (for example – ‘Theatres’, ‘Cinema Halls’, ‘Gyms’ and ‘Restaurants’ in current Covid19), but having the reserve cash set aside to meet the basic minimum of your operational cost and other expenditures for a period of 3 to 6 months gives you enough time to think with clarity and plan for better handling of Crisis or even turn it into an Opportunity.

For Individuals ‘especially’ keeping aside the Cash can keep their Stress at check, and help them be better prepared to cope with Crisis. Emergency fund won’t  give you a lavish lifestyle or won’t guarantee you funding for the period till the Crisis resolve, you will still have to think of alternative, but it will give you enough Mental Peace to be able to focus on the next steps.

How to have it?

Now that we have established the importance of Emergency fund/Reserved cash for Crisis, you may be wondering how can one have it? Well the answer is pretty obvious Save 3 to 6 months of personal expenditure in a separate account that you can’t touch unless until its an Emergency! Yes, there is no secret sauce to it. You need to, you must Save, Save before you Spend, Save before you Invest, In fact don’t start Investing unless you have the Emergency Fund setup. After all Money is a tool and if it can’t get you peace, it is useless.

All the fancy items can be bought back later, first you need to live below your means and get the Fund setup. It is an essential first step towards your Financial Freedom. And if you already spend more than you earn than by all means either Earn more or Spend less!

Thanks you for Reading. For more such Financial Tips, follow riteFinance. Happy Saving

Invest your Money

Money affects every aspect of our Life. But oftentimes we forget that it is just a tool. A tool to help us live better, not the sole purpose of life. It is not the only thing that should matter, but yes its a major thing in Life.

If you are broke, no one will shelter you. If you are broke, sure your life becomes a hell. That is why we need to understand how to not let Money destroy our Happiness, how to not let Money stress us, how to not let us be consumed and work tirelessly for Money without caring about health or stuff that matters,“how to be financially free”!

One Important aspect to Financial Freedom is INVESTING. ‘To Let Money grow Money’. But before you Invest, you need to know

5 To Dos of INVESTING

1. Only INVEST in things you understand. Not just listen to any random advice, Do your own due diligence before Investing. Because Investing comes with risk and you are never guaranteed to make Money, you may lose all.

2. INVEST for the Long term. By Investing for long term you can stay away from seasonal risk and short term market fluctuations, hence reducing the risk and letting your capital grow over the time. This is the way to reap all the benefits of Compounding.

3. Diversify your Investments. Like the saying goes don’t put all your eggs in one basket. The same is true for Investment, one should not put all their Money on a single asset.

4. Only INVEST the Money you don’t need for the next 1 to 3 years at-least. Well apart from Investing you need to make sure you have a saving cushion, and some cash to be used in case of emergency.

5. INVEST on Self. Now this is the thing many of us forget, well its equally important if not more to Invest back on self i.e. education, learning, personal grooming, health etc in order to reap all the benefits and even further grow your Investments.

Further links to refer

That’s all for now ‘Happy Investing‘. For more such Personal Finance related tips and knowledge do follow riteFinance, ‘because Money Matters’.